Géraldine Thiry

Géraldine Thiry


Director of the National Bank of Belgium
Royal Decree 20.07.2023 – Moniteur belge/Belgisch Staatsblad 25.08.2023


  • PhD in economics and management, UCLouvain (2012)
  • Master of Arts in economics, UCLouvain (2008)
  • Master’s degree in economics, UCLouvain (2005)
  • Master’s degree in political science, UCLouvain (2004)
  • Higher education teaching certificate (CAPAES), UCLouvain (2021)


  • Director of the National Bank of Belgium
  • Professor of economics (full time), ICHEC Brussels Management School (2016 - 2023)
  • Professor of economics (part time), UCLouvain (2012 – the present)
  • Leader, co-leader and scientific coordinator of several national and international research projects (the EU’s Horizon Europe programme, the Prospective Research programme of Innoviris, etc)
  • Research collaboration (Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, UCLouvain, Collège d'études mondiales, FMSH Paris, ULB)
  • Guest lecturer in economics (University of Lille 1, Paris 3 - Sorbonne Nouvelle, European Commission)
  • Courses taught: Macroeconomics, Economics of Strategy, Industrial Organisation, Political Economics, Economy and Society, History of Economic Thought, Environment and the Global Economy, Critical Analysis of Market Economies, Public Economics, Political Economy, Social and Public Economics Seminar, Research and Methodology Seminar, Quantitative Methods for Social Sciences, Political Economy of Wealth   

Other current positions or offices

  • Research associate at ICHEC Brussels Management School (Sept 2023 – the present)
  • Member of the High Committee for a Fair Transition (Haut Comité pour la Transition Juste) (June 2022 – the present)
  • Economic fellow at the Zoe Institute (March 2022 – the present)

Past positions or offices

  • Regent of the National Bank of Belgium (May 2021 – July 2023)
  • Member of the strategic committee for the “Get Up Wallonia!” recovery plan (Public Service of Wallonia) (Sept 2020 - April 2021)
  • Member of the scientific committee for the evaluation of Wallonia’s progress in the area of sustainable development goals (IWEPS and Public Service of Wallonia) (Oct 2019)
  • Member of the coordination committee of France Stratégie and the Conseil économique, social et environnemental: “Development of a dashboard to accompany public policies” (France Stratégie, CESE, France) (March 2015)
  • Adviser to French deputy Eva Sas on public statistics and indicators of prosperity (2014 - 2015)
  • Member of the scientific committee for the MOVIDA research project, “How to support the shift to sustainable lifestyles and consumption patterns” (Commissariat général au développement durable, France) (March 2014)
  • Guest expert on the steering committee of the “Resilience and Social Cohesion” project (Commissariat général au développement durable, France) (June 2014)
  • Member of the scientific committee of the international conference of the European Society for Ecological Economics (ESEE): “Ecological Economics and Institutional Dynamics” (Jan - June 2013)
  • Expert adviser to the Walloon government: “Marshall Plan 2.Green: Panel of experts on complementary indicators to GDP” (Sept 2011)