Investment and reform in Germany, France, Italy, Spain and Belgium’s National Recovery and Resilience Plans

Article published in the Economic Review of December 2021

The sheer size of the German, French, Italian and Spanish Recovery and Resilience Plans could mean that they contribute more to economic activity in Belgium than our own national plan. Are these plans greener, more digital, more ambitious in terms of reforms than the Belgian plan?

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Since 2019, the articles from the Economic Review are published in French and Dutch in the form of digests, their full version being available only in English.