Financial Market Infrastructures and Payment Services Report 2022

Full document (pdf)

Executive summary

1. The Bank’s role in oversight and prudential supervision of financial market infrastructures, custodians, payment service providers and critical service providers

1. Critical links in the functioning of financial markets and payment services

2. FMIs, custodians, payment service providers and critical service providers subject to oversight and prudential supervision by the Bank

2. Securities clearing, settlement and custody

1. CCPs

2. (I)CSDs

3. Custodians

3. Payments

1. Payment systems

2. Payment institutions and electronic money institutions

3. Processors of payment transactions

4. Card payment schemes

FMI Report 2022


1. Oversight approach

2. Selection of major topics reviewed by overseers in 2021

3. Focal points for oversight in 2022

Specific thematic articles

5. Digital operational resilience

6. Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT)

7. FMI-PSP Inspection observations in the context of Brexit;

8. Environmental and climate-related risks within the FMI landscape


1. Regulatory framework

2. FMIs established in Belgium with an international dimension

3. Statistics

4. List of abbreviations